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O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME 9 [S# 9]

FEBRUARY 8, 1862.--Battle of Roanoke Island, N. C.
No. 3. -- Report of Surg. William H. Church, U. S. Army, Acting Medical Director.

[ar9_83 con't]

Roanoke Island, February 12, 1862.

GENERAL: I have the honor to submit the following report of the killed and wounded of your command consequent upon the attack upon Roanoke Island:

February 7 a small boat, having been ordered on shore to reconnoiter, was attacked by the enemy, when Charles Viall, a private in Company E, of the Fifth Rhode Island Battalion, received a wound in the lower jaw, causing a compound comminuted fracture from which he will probably recover.

February 8, upon the advance of General Foster the houses and outhouses at the landing were at once prepared for the reception of the wounded, and placed in charge of Surgeon Storrs, of the Eighth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, his regiment having been ordered there to protect the landing of our forces and hold the position. Brigade Surgeon Thompson now advanced with the troops to take charge of the wounded on the field of battle, where he remained until the battery was taken, assisting in the care of the wounded, and sending them with the least possible delay to the hospital. Through the energy of Dr. Thompson much suffering has been avoided.

Finding that there was not sufficient room in these buildings to receive the wounded, we immediately took possession of Ashby's house, a short distance from the first and quite as convenient to the field of action. The Fifth Rhode Island Battalion having been ordered to guard this point, Asst. Surg. A. Potter took charge of it until further assistance could be procured. Surgeon Minis, of the Forty-eighth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers <ar9_84> (owing to the death of Surgeon Weller, by drowning, at Hatteras Inlet, he was detailed to serve with the Ninth New Jersey Volunteers), was very soon placed in charge of this temporary hospital, where there was sufficient room to receive the wounded not provided for. During the action of this day 32 were killed and 174 wounded.(*) Col. Charles L. Russell, of the Tenth Connecticut Volunteers, was shot through the lung, and died almost immediately. Lieut. Col. Viguer De Monteil, of the Fifty-third Regiment New York Volunteers, was also killed by a ball passing through his brain.

Accompanying this please find a list of the killed and wounded of each regiment that participated in the engagement.(+)

The surgical portion of your command has performed its duties faithfully and fearlessly, Surg. J. Marcus Rice, of the Twenty-fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, having been wounded in the midst of his very arduous duties. The ball grazed his side, fortunately without inflicting a severe wound.

We have found three unusually large, commodious, and well-ventilated buildings erected upon the island for hospital purposes, which will afford ample accommodation for our sick and wounded. The largest hospital at the north end of the island I have placed in the charge of Surg. S. A. Green, of the Twenty-fourth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, and Surg. George A. Otis has the management of the two hospitals near the fort at the center of the island.

I would respectfully ask your attention to the fact that the wounded of the enemy have received the same care and attention from the surgeons as our own wounded. Permit me to take advantage of this opportunity to express our gratitude to the officers of the United States gunboat Delaware, the surgeon having dressed a large number of our wounded.

I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant and friend,


Brigade Surgeon and Acting Medical Director.



Return of casualties in the Department of North Carolina, commanded by Brig. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, at the battle of Roanoke Island, N. C., February 8, 1862.

[Compiled from nominal lists of casualties, returns, &c.]

O Officers. A Aggregate

M Enlisted Men. C Captured or missing

--Killed-- -Wounded- -----C-----

Commands. O M O M O M A

First Brigade.

Brig. Gen. JOHN G. FOSTER.

23d Massachusetts 1 2 .... 8 .... .... 11

24th Massachusetts(*) .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

25th Massachusetts .... 6 3 41 .... .... 50

27th Massachusetts .... 4 1 11 .... .... 16

10th Connecticut. 2 4 2 47 .... .... 55

Total First Brigade 3 16 6 107 .... .... 132

Second Brigade

Brig. Gen. JESSE L. RENO.

21st Massachusetts .... 5 2 37 .... .... 44

51st New York .... 3 .... 11 .... 9 23

9th New Jersey 1 6 .... 28 .... 2 37

51st Pennsylvania .... .... .... 1 .... 2 3

Total Second Brigade 1 14 2 77 .... 13 107

Third Brigade.

Brig. Gen. John G. PARKE.

4th Rhode Island(*) .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

5th Rhode Island, 1st Battalion(*) .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

8th Connecticut(*) .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

9th New York .... .... 2 15 .... .... 17

Total Third Brigade .... .... 2 15 .... .... 17


1st New York Marine Artillery, Detachment(*) .... .... .... .... .... .... ....

99th New York, Company B .... 2 .... 5 .... .... 7

Grand total Department of North Carolina. (+)5 32 10 204 .... 13 264